Designated Training Topics. This training program is intended to provide entry level construction workers information about their rights, employer responsibilities, and how to file a complaint as well as how to identify, abate, avoid and prevent job related hazards on a construction site. The training covers a variety of construction safety and health hazards which a worker may encounter at a construction site. Training should emphasize hazard identification, avoidance, control and prevention, not OSHA standards. Instructional time must be a minimum of 10 hours. The minimum topic requirements are as follows:
- Introduction to OSHA
- Covers workers’ rights, employer responsibilities and how to file a complaint. It includes helpful worker safety and health resources. It also provides a sample weekly fatality and catastrophe report, a safety data sheet and the OSHA Log of Work-Related Injuries and Illnesses (OSHA Form 300).
- Materials include an Instructor Guide, PowerPoint slides, student handouts, and participatory activities.
- OSHA Focus Four Hazards. Because most construction fatalities are caused by fall hazards, falls must be covered for a minimum of one hour and 15 minutes. The other Focus Four Hazards must be covered for a minimum of one-half hour each.
- Struck-By (e.g., falling objects, trucks, cranes)
- Caught-In or Between (e.g., trench hazards, equipment)
Focus Four Hazards Training Requirements
All lessons for the Focus Four Hazards are required to use the following terminal (TO) and enabling (EO) objectives:
TO: Given current OSHA and industry information regarding construction worksite illnesses, injuries, and/or fatalities, the student will be able to recognize [fall, caught-in or between, struck-by, electrocution] hazards in construction.
Specifically for each of the focus four, the student will be able to:
EO 1: Identify major hazards
EO 2: Describe types of hazards
EO 3: Protect him/herself from these hazards
EO 4: Recognize employer requirements to protect workers from these hazards
Because these objectives are the expected student outcomes, trainers:
1) May not vary from these objectives when planning the training session; and
2) Must follow the participatory training model by applying effective training techniques;
3) Must make sure the objectives are measured by testing the student’s achievement.
- Personal Protective and Lifesaving Equipment.
- Health Hazards in Construction. May teach noise, hazard communication, and crystalline silica or any other construction health hazard.
- Elective. Must present at least two hours of training on the following topics. At least two topics must be presented. The minimum length of any topic is one-half hour.
- Cranes, Derricks, Hoists, Elevators, & Conveyors
- Materials Handling, Storage, Use and Disposal
- Stairways and Ladders
- Tools – Hand and Power
Optional. Teach other construction industry hazards or policies and/or expand on the mandatory or elective topics. The minimum length of any topic is one-half hour.